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The integration of national minorities in the Samtskhe-Javakheti and Kvemo Kartli provinces of Georgia

Die Integration von nationalen Minderheiten in den Samtskhe-Javakkheti- und Kvemo Kartli-Provinzen in Georgien
[working paper]

Wheatley, Jonathan

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Further Details
Corporate Editor European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI)
Abstract 'This paper aims to explore the extent to which national minorities in the Georgian provinces of Kvemo Kartli and Samtskhe-Javakheti are integrated into the economic and political life of Georgia and to investigate how government policy in the aftermath of the Rose Revolution of November 2003 has affected the relationship between the state and minority communities in these two regions. It is divided into eight parts. First I provide a general overview of the main characteristics of the population of the two provinces in terms of ethnicity and language use. The second part turns to the economy of the two regions, focusing on both agricultural and industrial production. The next section turns to state-society relations by showing how government policy in the fields of education, local government, infrastructure and economic development has impacted upon the integration of national minorities in the two provinces. The fourth section explores in greater depth the modes of local governance in the two municipalities of Samtskhe-Javakheti (Akhalkalaki and Ninotsminda, collectively known as Javakheti) and the five municipalities of Kvemo Kartli (Gardabani, Marneuli, Bolnisi, Dmanisi and Tsalka) in which members of national minorities are concentrated, by identifying the main power brokers in these municipalities and by looking at how local power structures have changed in the last five years. The following part focuses on the process of migration and includes both permanent migration of Georgians and members of national minorities within Georgia and to destinations beyond the country's borders, as well as seasonal migration abroad. The sixth part deals with the issue of land distribution, which has been a contentious one in both provinces. The seventh section is the final substantive part of the paper; it takes the 'view from below' by looking at the most salient issues from the point of view of members of national minorities that live in the two provinces. The paper then closes with a short conclusion.' (excerpt)
Keywords migration; Middle East; developing country; rural area; post-socialist country; USSR successor state; social integration; ethnic group; government; Georgia; minority; region; integration policy; governance; local factors; political support
Classification Population Studies, Sociology of Population
Method descriptive study
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
City Flensburg
Page/Pages 57 p.
Series ECMI Working Paper, 44
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications