More documents from Englebert, Pierre
More documents from Afrika Spectrum

Export to your Reference Manger

Please Copy & Paste



Bookmark and Share

Compliance and defiance to national integration in Barotseland and Casamance

Befürworter und Gegner nationaler Integration in Barotseland und Casamance
[journal article]

Englebert, Pierre

fulltextDownloadDownload full text

(125 KByte)

Citation Suggestion

Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:

Further Details
Abstract 'Das Modell der Elitenfusion wird im allgemeinen zur Erklärung des postkolonialen 'nation-building' herangezogen. Warum sind aber einige regionale Eliten an der Peripherie bereit, dieses Projekt mitzutragen, während andere nach Autonomie oder Sezession streben? Die Frage wird anhand eines Vergleichs zwischen Barotseland in Sambia und der Casamance in Senegal untersucht. Hier wird die These vertreten, dass Eliten in beiden Fällen um Zugang zu den lokalen 'benefits' des souveränen Staates ringen. So lange sie den post-kolonialen Staat für ihre 'lokalen' Kämpfe um politische Herrschaft und Ressourcen erfolgreich nutzen können, stellen regionale Eliten den Zentralstaat nicht in Frage, selbst wenn sie an den distributiven Mechanismen der Elitenfusion auf der nationalen Ebene nicht partizipieren.' (Autorenreferat)

'What determines whether peripheral regions in Africa comply with the national integration project? Why do some regional elites, outside the core 'fusion of elites', willingly partake in the state while others promote separate paths for their communities? This paper suggests some answers, based on a comparison between Barotseland - where the Lozi leadership has chosen not to challenge the Zambian project - and Casamance - where local particularism has resulted in active separatist defiance towards the Senegalese state among many Diola elites. It argues that the contrast between the two regions is more apparent than real, and that elites in both cases strive for access to the local benefits of sovereign statehood. Provided they can use the post-colonial state in their local strategies of domination and access to resources, regional elites are unlikely to challenge it, even if they are kept at a distance from resource-sharing arrangements at the national level. A broader model of African state formation, including the benefits of sovereignty for local elites, is needed to make sense of the resilience of African states and of the compliance of loser groups with their authority.' (author's abstract)|
Keywords political independence; developing country; Africa; Africa South of the Sahara; English-speaking Africa; French-speaking Africa; West Africa; Southern Africa; Zambia; elite; ethnic group; Senegal; state formation; secession; separatism
Classification Sociology of Developing Countries, Developmental Sociology
Method descriptive study
Publication Year 2005
Page/Pages p. 29-55
Journal Afrika Spectrum, 40 (2005) 1
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works