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Gender and household education expenditure in Pakistan

[Zeitschriftenartikel]

Aslam, Monazza; Kingdon, Geeta Gandhi

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Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-106135

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Abstract Pakistan has very large gender gaps in educational outcomes. One explanation could be that girls receive lower educational expenditure allocations than boys within the household, but this has never convincingly been tested. This article investigates whether the intra-household allocation of educational expenditure in Pakistan favours males over females. It also explores two different explanations for the failure of the extant 'Engel curve' studies to detect gender-differentiated treatment in education even where gender bias is strongly expected. Using individual level data from the latest household survey from Pakistan, we posit two potential channels of gender bias: bias in the decision whether to enrol/ keep sons and daughters in school, and bias in the decision of education expenditure conditional on enrolling both sons and daughters in school. In middle and secondary school ages, evidence points to significant pro-male biases in both the enrolment decision as well as the decision of how much to spend conditional on enrolment. However, in the primary school age-group, only the former channel of bias applies. Results suggest that the observed strong gender difference in education expenditure is a within rather than an across household phenomenon.
Thesaurusschlagwörter Pakistan; education; expenditures; private household; gender-specific factors; level of education; girl; boy; participation in education; gender
Klassifikation Bildungs- und Erziehungssoziologie; Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung
Freie Schlagwörter education expenditure
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2008
Seitenangabe S. 2573-2591
Zeitschriftentitel Applied Economics, 40 (2008) 20
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036840600970252
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung
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