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The regulation of religious affairs in Taiwan: from state control to laisser-faire?

Die Regelung von religiösen Angelegenheiten in Taiwan: von Staatskontrolle zu Laisser-faire?
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Laliberté, André

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Abstract This article looks at Taiwan's policy towards religion to show that non-Western societies can also achieve what Alfred Stepan called a "twin toleration" wherein the state does not intervene in religious affairs, and religion does not seek to control the state. The paper shows the sets of constraints in which policy-makers struggling for an adequate way to deal with religion operate. They have to choose among a variety of models in democratic societies, to take into account the legacy of the authoritarian era, and to consider the specificities of Taiwan's situation, influenced by a Chinese cultural heritage, Japanese colonialism and observations from other parts of the world. The paper then describes how these constraints have influenced the major stages in the evolution of relations between state and religions in Taiwanese society and then argue that the state had yet to reach a consensus up until 2008 on the legislation of religion because of disagreements between different religious actors.

In diesem Artikel wird ein Blick auf Taiwans Politik gegenüber Religion geworfen, um zu zeigen, dass auch nichtwestliche Gesellschaften erreichen können was Alfred Stepan "doppelte Duldung" nennt. Darin greift der Staat nicht in religiöse Angelegenheiten ein und die Religion versucht nicht den Staat unter Kontrolle zu bringen.
Keywords Taiwan; democratization; religion; politics; historical development; exertion of government pressure; control; social actor; political change; society; consensus; religious policy; legislation; political science; national state; present
Classification Sociology of Developing Countries, Developmental Sociology; Sociology of Religion; Political System, Constitution, Government; General History
Method descriptive study; historical
Free Keywords Politics; State; Democratization; Recognition; Religious Community - State Relations; Ortung; Verhältnis Religionsgemeinschaft - Staat; Present
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 53-83
Journal Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 38 (2009) 2
ISSN 1868-4874
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works