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Realpolitik dynamics and image construction in the Russia-China relationship: forging a strategic partnership?

Dynamik der Realpolitik und Imageaufbau in den russisch-chinesischen Beziehungen: Fälschung einer strategischen Partnerschaft?
[journal article]

Freire, Maria Raquel; Mendes, Carmen Amado

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Abstract Russia and China are two big players in the international system, both of which share interests and concerns and compete for preponderance and affirmation at the regional level. As a framework for political-military cooperation, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) frames this relationship in an institutional setting that might be understood as a tool for rapprochement between Moscow and Beijing or as a strategic manoeuvre for balancing an unbalanced international order. Thus the following question arises: is Russian-Chinese cooperation discourse mere political rhetoric or does it imply the intentional forging of a goal-orientated partnership? The relationship between Russia and China in political and security terms reveals identifiable common concerns, such as counter-terrorism or the fight against organised crime, while simultaneously masking the underpinning drivers, based on realpolitik dynamics and image construction on both sides (power projection, regional affirmation). This means that the strategic partnership dialogue between Moscow and Beijing is still far from being real. Realpolitik considerations rise above institutional goals, showing the lines of (dis)continuity in discourse and practice in this bilateral relationship.

Russland und China sind zwei wichtige Mitwirkende im internationalen System wobei sie dieselben Interessen und Bedenken teilen und im Wettbewerb um Vormachtstellung und Bestätigung auf regionaler Ebene stehen.
Keywords Russia; China; bilateral relations; international relations; foreign policy; international organization; international economic relations; cooperation; partnership; image; construction; terrorism; political strategy; crime fighting; organized crime; present
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy; Political Economy
Method descriptive study
Free Keywords Foreign Policy; Political cooperation; Partnership; Shanghai Cooperation Organization; politische Zusammenarbeit; Shanghai Organisation für Zusammenarbeit; Russia; Present
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 27-52
Journal Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 38 (2009) 2
ISSN 1868-4874
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works